Goldman Sachs (GS:US) has revised its year-end target for the S&P 500 to 5,200, signaling a 4% potential upside from current levels. This upward adjustment is underpinned by an improved earnings outlook for companies comprising the benchmark index.

Initially set at 5,100, the brokerage's previous projection was revised from December's forecast of 4,700. The decision reflects expectations of the U.S. central bank easing rates in the year and a moderation in inflation.

Goldman Sachs predicts an 8% profit increase for S&P 500 companies in 2024, citing an enhanced U.S. economic outlook and stronger mega-cap profit margins. David Kostin, lead strategist at Goldman Sachs, anticipates that the “Magnificent 7” stocks, particularly those in artificial intelligence and consumer sectors, will drive revenue growth and margin expansion, leading to the strongest earnings growth among S&P 500 sectors.

In a market perspective, Kostin noted that while operating margins for the broader index are expected to improve, the increase would be "much smaller." This is attributed to factors such as moderated input costs and robust sales growth.

In Congressional trading disclosures, Markwayne Mullin, a Republican Senator from Oklahoma, reported buy transactions of The Goldman Sachs Group Inc shares on January 4, 2024. The transactions ranged in size from $1,000 to $15,000.

Additionally, over the last six months, GS rose by an impressive 19.37%, showcasing the stock's robust performance. As Goldman Sachs maintains a positive outlook on the S&P 500, investors will be closely monitoring market developments and broader economic indicators for potential opportunities.